1913 Panhard et Levassor Type X19

Summary

  • Year of manufacture 
    1913
  • Car type 
    Convertible / Roadster
  • Chassis number 
    37397
  • Drive 
    RHD
  • Condition 
    Restored
  • Interior colour 
    Black
  • Interior type 
    Leather
  • Number of doors 
    4
  • Number of seats 
    4
  • Location
  • Exterior colour 
    White
  • Gearbox 
    Manual
  • Performance 
    9 kW / 13 PS / 12 BHP
  • Drivetrain 
    2wd
  • Fuel type 
    Petrol

Description

Engine 4 cylinder in-líne
Displacement 2.150 cc
Maximum power 10/12 HP
Maximum speed 65 km/h
Curb weight 980 kg
Coachworktype torpedo Rhéda
Chassis number 37397
Country of origin France
Number built 2.204
Production span 1913-1918

Fully restored. Electric starter and modern lighting added for easier use.

Absorbed by Citroën at the end of the 60s, Panhard-Levassor is the oldest of the great French brands and one of the first to manufacture serial produced cars with internal combustion engine. It was founded by René Panhard and Émile Levassor in 1889, and started using the German Daimler license before creating their own engines. Twenty years later, the advances achieved in metallurgy allow them to produce a four-cylinder engine cast in a single block; it would coexist in the Panhard range with those of Knight’s patent sleeve-valves until 1924.

In 1912 the company launched the X19 model at the Paris Motor Show. It was a modern, light and fast automobile for its time. The engine is indeed of monobloc type, with four openings in the cylinder head allowing access to the side valves. It has a three-bearing crankshaft, magneto ignition, four-gear transmission and a brake system that, instead of acting on the differential, as was usual until then, does so on two brake pads expanded inside a drum set within the rim; it can be operated by a manual lever or through a pedal.

The X19 was a robust and reliable vehicle, often bodied as a van and even ambulance during World War I. From the collector’s point of view, it’s quite easy to drive, giving trouble-free pleasant rides in many veteran car rallies. In 2017 there were 35 surviving units known, half of them in France. This 4-seater torpedo with body by Rheda -also called cabriolet a soupapes, indicating that its engine has valves-, is a very unusual version, the oldest vehicle in the Grup Limousines collection and the only one existing in Spain.