1962 1962 Ferrari 250 GT - Berlinetta Speciale by Bertone

Berlinetta Speciale by Bertone

Summary

  • Year of manufacture 
    1962
  • Car type 
    Other
  • Lot number 
    039
  • Drive 
    LHD
  • Condition 
    Used
  • Location
  • Exterior colour 
    Other

Description

PROVENANCE
Nuccio Bertone, Torino, Italy (acquired new in early 1962)
Italo Musico, Milano, Italy (acquired from the above in 1963)
Gerda Anna Speckenheuer, Milano, Italy (acquired from the above in 1965)
M. Gastone Crepaldi, Milano, Italy (acquired from the above in 1966)
Peter Civati, Redondo Beach, California (acquired from the above in 1966)
Bill Karp, Los Angeles, California (acquired from the above in 1967)
Lorenzo Zambrano, Monterrey, Mexico (acquired from the above in 1980)
Current Owner (acquired from the above)

EXHIBITED
XXXII Geneva Auto Show, Geneva, Switzerland, March 1962
Carlo Biscaretti di Rufa Museum, Torino, Italy, April 1962
XLIV Torino Auto Show, Torino, Italy, November 1962
Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance®, August 1982
International Ferrari Concours, Monterey, California, August 1994
Concorso Italiano, Carmel Valley, California, August 1994
FCA National Concours, Watkins Glen, New York, August 1996 (Best of Show)
VI Cavallino Classic, Palm Beach, Florida, January 1997
Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance®, August 1997 (Luigi Chinetti Memorial Trophy)
Louis Vuitton Concours d’Elegance, Paris, France, September 1997 (Best of Show)
Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance®, August 2003
60 Anni Ferrari Concours d’Elegance, 2007, Fiorano, Italy (3rd in Class)

LITERATURE
Angelo Tito Anselmi and Marcel Massini, Making a Difference, pp. 66, 74–77
Hilary A. Raab Jr., Ferrari Serial Numbers Part I, chassis number listed on p. 40
Ken Gross, Ferrari 250GT SWB, pictured and discussed on pp. 79–80
Winston Goodfellow, Ferrari Road and Racing, pictured and discussed on p. 67
Rob de la Rive Box and Richard Crump, The Automotive Art of Bertone, p. 96
Lucciano Greggio, Bertone 90 Years, 1912–2002: Forma e Progetto. Il Catalogo, pp. 86–87
Stan Grayson (editor), Ferrari: The Man, The Machines, pictured on p. 291
Cavallino, Issue 104, featured article by Alan Boe
Road & Track, March 1990, subject of Salon article

THIS CAR
The Ferrari presented here is an undisputed masterpiece of automotive art – the one-of-a-kind 250 GT SWB Berlinetta Speciale designed by the great Giorgetto Giugiaro and built by the legendary house of Carrozzeria Bertone. Since its debut in 1962, this magnificent and utterly unique car has been acclaimed as both a definitive example of Italian automotive design and a coachbuilt Ferrari of exceptional beauty and significance.

To fully appreciate the fascinating origins of this special Ferrari, one must first understand its creator and first owner, Nuccio Bertone.

Born in 1914, Giuseppe “Nuccio” Bertone spent his formative years learning the coachbuilding trade from his father, Giovanni, who had established Carrozzeria Bertone in 1912. Headquartered in Torino, the birthplace of the Italian automotive industry, Bertone stayed afloat through the tumultuous 1920s and early 1930s, relying on commissions from SPA, Fiat, and Lancia.

In 1932, Nuccio Bertone graduated from the University of Torino and officially joined his father’s company, working full time to develop Carrozzeria Bertone into one of the great coachbuilders. The firm’s first major break came in 1933 with the introduction of the Fiat Balilla, a small, sporting car immensely popular with Italian motorists. Carrozzeria Bertone designed several attractive body styles for the Balilla, and Nuccio spent the 1930s traveling throughout Italy with a portfolio of designs, attracting commissions, and spreading word of the family business.

At the end of WWII, the Italian car industry was in disarray, and it was virtually impossible for Carrozzeria Bertone to find new chassis to build bodies on. With business more hopeful than reality, Nuccio pursued his interest in motor sport and raced Fiats and Stanguellinis at prominent events, such as the Targa Florio, Coppo delle Dolomiti, and Stella Alpina. A natural talent behind the wheel, Nuccio eventually attracted the attention of Scuderia Ferrari, and he was hired to drive a 166 MM at the Mille Miglia 1950 and 1951.

Around this time, Carrozzeria Bertone was in dire straits, and a major commission was needed to keep the company from closing its doors. Nuccio and Giovanni acquired two MG chassis – the cheapest sports cars available – fashioned them with new coupe and cabriolet bodies, and purchased a small exhibition stand at the 1952 Torino Auto Show. It was there that Nuccio met Stanley Howard “Wacky” Arnolt, a wealthy Chicago businessman and sports car enthusiast, who immediately placed an order for 200 Bertone-bodied MGs.

Soon after receiving Mr. Arnolt’s commission, Nuccio was approached by Alfa Romeo to design and construct a special concept car on their new 1900 chassis. The resulting Berlina Aerodinamica Tecnica (BAT) Alfa Romeos were hailed as the most exciting and outrageous automobiles ever seen, earning Nuccio enormous international publicity and prestige. From this successful collaboration emerged the Giulietta Sprint, of which more than 40,000 examples were built, transforming Carrozzeria Bertone from a fledgling boutique into one of Italy’s largest and most important coachbuilders.

Despite all their success, the Bertones rarely collaborated with the most prestigious Italian manufacturer, Ferrari. In fact, Nuccio’s career ambition was to build cars for Enzo Ferrari, and yet, without explanation, he was never engaged by Maranello. The situation was all the more frustrating as, since the mid-1950s, Ferrari production cars were built or designed almost exclusively by the Bertones’ Torinese rival Pinin Farina.

In early 1962, Nuccio purchased a complete 250 GT SWB chassis from Maranello, numbered 3269 GT, and laid out his vision for a spectacular new Ferrari that he would retain for his personal use. Prior to this purchase, Carrozzeria Bertone had fashioned coachwork for just two Ferraris, a 1950 166 Inter Cabriolet built for Franco Cornacchia’s dealership and a 1959 250 GT SWB Coupe commissioned by wealthy industrialist Enrico Wax.

To execute the design of the new Ferrari, Nuccio turned to Giugiaro, a young stylist who had joined the coachbuilder in 1959 and whose first task was to update the popular Giulietta Sprint. Though he would go on to become one of the most talented and influential designers of the postwar era, the 23-year-old Giugiaro had penned only a handful of cars by 1962. Nevertheless, his Aston Martin DB4 GT Jet and a one-off Maserati 5000 GT showcased his remarkable ability to make already outstanding sports cars even more desirable.

Working together, Nuccio Bertone and Giorgetto Giugiaro created one of Carrozzeria Bertone’s most famous designs and, quite possibly, the most memorable coachbuilt Ferrari of all time.

Inspired by Ferrari’s world-championship-winning Grand Prix car, the 156 F1, as well as the 330 TRI LM and 246 SP sports racing cars, the signature feature of Giugiaro’s design was its “sharknose” front-end treatment. Similar to Franco Scaglione’s BAT cars, the leading edge of the bonnet came together in an expressive point, splitting the traditional Ferrari eggcrate grille into two large ovoid openings.

Consistent with the sharknose theme, the bodywork featured several competition-inspired cues, including a Plexiglas bug deflector, a wide hood scoop, drilled rocker trim, and a small trail of louvers following the line created by the rear quarter windows. As in the standard design, the Bertone 250 SWB had extractor vents on the front and rear fenders. While Pinin Farina’s vents were purely functional vertically oriented slashes, Bertone’s were horizontally oriented, oval shaped, and trimmed with decorative slats. Viewed from any angle, the sharknose 250 SWB was an absolutely gorgeous automobile, with voluptuous forms, beautiful flowing lines, and compact, aggressive proportions.

The interior was pure Bertone and far more luxurious than the standard road-going SWB berlinettas, with comfortable leather-trimmed seats, electric windows, and stylish quilted vinyl covering the transmission tunnel, footwells, and sills. The metal dashboard – painted to match the body color – was outfitted with the full array of black-faced Veglia gauges, knobs, and switches, along with a locking glove box and a deluxe radio. Even the steering wheel, with its special black Bakelite rim, was unique to 3269 GT.

Finished in Blu Notte Metallizzato with burgundy leather upholstery, the spectacular coachwork was finished off by a standard Ferrari badge on the upper edge of the nose, a large prancing horse below it, and the classic Bertone badge placed on each front fender, highlighted by a decorative chrome flash. A prime example of the coachbuilder’s art, this marvelous creation showcased the incredible attention to detail, quality construction, and Old World craftsmanship typical of Carrozzeria Bertone.

Nuccio Bertone was obviously very proud of his Berlinetta Speciale, and he introduced it at the prestigious Geneva Auto Show, held in Plainpalais March 15–25, 1962. The unique Bertone Ferrari – the perfect marriage of a 250 GT SWB chassis and a stylish Giugiaro-designed body – must have caused quite a stir. After all, here was the finest Italian sports car presented in a bold and completely original way, yet retaining the fundamental Ferrari character and sharing exotic styling cues with the Scuderia’s latest racing cars.

After the debut at Geneva, Carrozzeria Bertone displayed the Ferrari at the annual carrozzerie exhibition at the famed Biscaretti Museum in Torino. In this exclusive gathering of the latest coachbuilt cars, the Berlinetta Speciale was showcased alongside Pinin Farina’s Superfast III, a Touring-bodied Maserati 3500 GT, and a Dual-Ghia L6.4. Auto Italiana covered the event and its correspondents remarked that cars like the Bertone Ferrari reconfirmed the current trend for rounder, more curvaceous designs, replacing the boxy, conservative styles that had been in vogue throughout the late 1950s